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HOW TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP CONTRIBUTES TO EMPLOYEES’ COMMITMENT TO AN ORGANIZATION VIA THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF MOTIVATION WITHIN TAIWAN’S NURSING HOMES

 

Ling-Hui Yang, Tzu-Jiun Yeh*
Department of Marketing Management*
Chang Jung Christian University; Transworld University*
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree to which the top administrators at nursing homes for disabled people in Taiwan demonstrate transformational leadership and how this is correlated with employees’ organizational commitment via the mediating effect of extrinsic motivation. SPSS 18 was utilized to analyze the data and descriptive statistics, Person correlation coefficient, and sequential multiple regression analysis were used to examine the hypothesis. One of the results for this study indicated that gender was not correlated with organizational commitment and that top administrators should recruit married employees and employees with college degrees in order to enhance more organizational commitment. Another result also presented that physical care employees’ commitment, compared with the commitment of social workers, special education teachers, and other professionals in nursing homes of Taiwan, was low. The top administrators, therefore, should conduct official self-assessments and two-way communication with them to understand which factors lead to their stress and, ultimately, their intention of leaving the organization. The data further addressed that deploying transformational leadership practices would be an inevitable trend in order to increase organizational commitment and lower turnover rates aggressively. Lastly, the results indicated that transformational leadership contributed to the variability of organizational commitment significantly and that extrinsic motivation was the important factor of shared variability of organizational commitment.

Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Motivation, Organizational Commitment, Disability, Nursing Home

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