PRINCIPALS’ TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND TEACHERS’ WORK MOTIVATION: EVIDENCE FROM
ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN TAIWAN
Professor, Department of International Business, Chang Jung Christian University
Doctoral student, Doctoral Program of Business Operations and Management
College of Management, Chang Jung Christian University, Taiwan
Through the empirical methods of this study, inferences were made regarding the rela-tionship between elementary school principals’ transformational leadership and teach-ers’ work motivation. In total, 550 questionnaires were distributed to 40 public elemen-tary schools in New Taipei City, Taichung City, and Kaohsiung City in Northern, Western, and Southern Taiwan, respectively. Among them, 430 valid responses were recovered with an availability rate of 78.18%. Transformational leadership of elemen-tary school principals and motivation of teachers showed a significantly positive corre-lation; dimensions of transformational leadership of elementary school principals had predictive power for the overall work motivation of teachers. In particular, the higher the intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration were, the better the work motivation of teachers was. Confirmatory factor analysis verified the factor structure of the scales. All factor loads exceeded 0.5, indicating a good model fit. Furthermore, common method variance analysis and processing measures were explored to enhance the reference value and significance of the research results.
Keywords: transformational leadership, work motivation, school education, common method variance