EVALUATING THE KEY FACTORS FOR THE DYNAMIC EMERGENCY ESCAPE SYSTEM IN THE HOSPITAL WARD UNIT

 

Tsung-Lin Lee
Professor, Department of Architecture,
China University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Shih-Chi Hong*
Deputy superintendent, Taipei City Hospital Zhongxiao Branch,
Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
& Master, Department of Architecture, China University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
*Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Abstract

Hospitals usually establish static escape system marks. Sometimes, the exit light is on but the mass often miss the opportunity to escape due to their walking around, or the long distance from the exit, or thick smoke in the exit. With the advancement of science and technology, building a dynamic escape system can help escapees completely rely on the escape guidance system. Escapees can reach the expected safe places in accordance with this guiding system, which is a comparatively important subject. This research will address the critical factors that affect the establishment of the dynamic escape system in a hospital ward, and analyze the sequence of these crucial factors with Fuzzy-AHP. The research analysis indicates that “Hospital emergency response” is the most important factor in the second layer, followed by “staff training” as the second factor. In the third layer, “training for disaster prevention education and fire drill”, “clarity of the evacua-tion route guidance”, “organization of commanders”, “Fire field dynamic information” and “nurses” are the top five important factors.

Keywords: Fire disaster, Hospital ward, Dynamic escape system, Fuzz-AHP

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