RESEARCH ON IMPACT OF RESOURCE DEPENDENCE AND INSTITUTIONAL PRESSURE ON RESIDENTS' ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR - A CASE STUDY OF TAIWAN'S POST-DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION OF HOT SPRING AREAS

Yu,Ouyang  

Assistant Professor,Department of Tourism and Management, 

Chia Nan University of Pharmacy andScience, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Tsung-Lin,Lee*

Professor, Department of Architecture, China University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC

*Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract

“Man can conquer nature” and “nature fights back” are people's dialogues regarding their interaction with nature. The environmental impact versus people’s desire in exploitation is the unavoidable topic to be discussed when facing the emergency response after the strike of natural disasters. Tourism is an industry that depends on natural environmental resources, which is especially the case for the hot spring industry. However, as many hot spring tourist attractions are located in or close to environmentally sensitive areas, environmental disasters frequently occur, which gives rise to the implementation of related environmental systems. This study focused on the Baolai Bulao Hot Spring Area in Kaohsiung, which was hit hard by Typhoon Morakot in 2009. The local residents were taken as the respondents for the questionnaire of this study, and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between research constructs. The results show that resource dependence and institutional pressure have positive and significant impact on residents' positive environmental attitude and responsible environmental behavior, thus, resource restriction, conversion ability, and mimetic pressure are the key influencing factors. Finally, based on the research results, policy implications and research suggestions are put forward for the implementation of a post-disaster recovery system and the promotion of residents' environmental awareness in hot spring tourist areas.

Keywords: Emergency Response, Environmental Impact, Recovery, Typhoon,    Climate Change

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